African American Middle Class Wikipedia

African-American middle class - Wikipedia.

The African-American middle class consists of African-Americans who have middle-class status within the American class structure.It is a societal level within the African-American community that primarily began to develop in the early 1960s, when the ongoing Civil Rights Movement led to the outlawing of de jure racial segregation.The African American middle ....!&&p=f39e7ee1efd5f889JmltdHM9MTY2MDI0OTU3OSZpZ3VpZD1hYWFiMmUxZS0zMzFhLTQ0YzMtODA1Ny04MTM5NjYwNzY3MzgmaW5zaWQ9NTExNQ&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=db4350d9-19b3-11ed-ad32-72747544493f&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly9lbi53aWtpcGVkaWEub3JnL3dpa2kvQWZyaWNhbi1BbWVyaWNhbl9taWRkbGVfY2xhc3M&ntb=1.

Great Migration (African American) - Wikipedia.

The Great Migration, sometimes known as the Great Northward Migration or the Black Migration, was the movement of six million African Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West between 1910 and 1970. It was caused primarily by the poor economic conditions for African American people, as well as the prevalent racial segregation ....!&&p=1b4377b7e680a6ccJmltdHM9MTY2MDI0OTU3OSZpZ3VpZD1hYWFiMmUxZS0zMzFhLTQ0YzMtODA1Ny04MTM5NjYwNzY3MzgmaW5zaWQ9NTEzMw&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=db436e20-19b3-11ed-a3aa-7b20699d3627&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly9lbi53aWtpcGVkaWEub3JnL3dpa2kvR3JlYXRfTWlncmF0aW9uXyhBZnJpY2FuX0FtZXJpY2FuKQ&ntb=1.

American middle class - Wikipedia.

Though the American middle class does not have a definitive definition, contemporary social scientists have put forward several ostensibly congruent theories on it. Depending on the class model used, the middle class constitutes anywhere from 25% to 66% of households. One of the first major studies of the middle class in America was White Collar: The American Middle ....!&&p=8f1a572a90965b23JmltdHM9MTY2MDI0OTU3OSZpZ3VpZD1hYWFiMmUxZS0zMzFhLTQ0YzMtODA1Ny04MTM5NjYwNzY3MzgmaW5zaWQ9NTE1MQ&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=db437e52-19b3-11ed-b168-0ec5f9ac43be&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly9lbi53aWtpcGVkaWEub3JnL3dpa2kvQW1lcmljYW5fbWlkZGxlX2NsYXNz&ntb=1.

List of African-American fraternities - Wikipedia.

African American fraternities and sororities are social organizations that predominantly recruit Black college students and provide a network that includes both undergraduate and alumni members. These organizations were typically founded by Black American undergraduate students and faculty at various institutions or Black leaders in their communities..!&&p=035838a727f4b16eJmltdHM9MTY2MDI0OTU3OSZpZ3VpZD1hYWFiMmUxZS0zMzFhLTQ0YzMtODA1Ny04MTM5NjYwNzY3MzgmaW5zaWQ9NTE3MA&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=db438dd2-19b3-11ed-8592-95338a92d29a&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly9lbi53aWtpcGVkaWEub3JnL3dpa2kvTGlzdF9vZl9BZnJpY2FuLUFtZXJpY2FuX2ZyYXRlcm5pdGllcw&ntb=1.

African-American Muslims - Wikipedia.

African-American Muslims, also colloquially known as Black Muslims, are an African American religious minority. About 1% of African Americans are Muslims. Nonetheless, African American Muslims account for over 20% of American Muslims. They represent one of the larger minority Muslim populations of the United States as there is no ethnic group that makes up the majority ....!&&p=9f0704fff613a558JmltdHM9MTY2MDI0OTU3OSZpZ3VpZD1hYWFiMmUxZS0zMzFhLTQ0YzMtODA1Ny04MTM5NjYwNzY3MzgmaW5zaWQ9NTE4OQ&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=db439c73-19b3-11ed-8a72-fd5c3bc144fe&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly9lbi53aWtpcGVkaWEub3JnL3dpa2kvQWZyaWNhbi1BbWVyaWNhbl9NdXNsaW1z&ntb=1.

Social class in American history - Wikipedia.

Social class is an important theme for historians of the United States fordecades. The subject touches on many other elements of American history such as that of changing U.S. education, with Greater education attainment leading to expanding household incomes for many social groups. The overall level of prosperity grew greatly in the U.S. through the 20th century as well ....!&&p=9323a5a9367f7846JmltdHM9MTY2MDI0OTU3OSZpZ3VpZD1hYWFiMmUxZS0zMzFhLTQ0YzMtODA1Ny04MTM5NjYwNzY3MzgmaW5zaWQ9NTIwOA&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=db43aae3-19b3-11ed-94f6-eae0a2be00a7&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly9lbi53aWtpcGVkaWEub3JnL3dpa2kvU29jaWFsX2NsYXNzX2luX0FtZXJpY2FuX2hpc3Rvcnk&ntb=1.

African-American Vernacular English and education - Wikipedia.

Black middle class students at the school were not represented among the plaintiffs. Judge Joiner in 1977 and 1978 rejected five of the six claims. ... However, in response to the amended resolution claiming that African American language systems "are not merely dialects of English", there have been some statements in opposition from linguists, ....!&&p=da973b677289e5dfJmltdHM9MTY2MDI0OTU3OSZpZ3VpZD1hYWFiMmUxZS0zMzFhLTQ0YzMtODA1Ny04MTM5NjYwNzY3MzgmaW5zaWQ9NTIyNw&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=db43bbef-19b3-11ed-907d-fb469006fd95&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly9lbi53aWtpcGVkaWEub3JnL3dpa2kvQWZyaWNhbi1BbWVyaWNhbl9WZXJuYWN1bGFyX0VuZ2xpc2hfYW5kX2VkdWNhdGlvbg&ntb=1.

American Bar Association - Wikipedia.

The American Bar Association (ABA) is a voluntary bar association of lawyers and law students, which is not specific to any jurisdiction in the United States. In 1979, half of all lawyers in the U.S. were members of the ABA. The organization's national headquarters are in Chicago, Illinois, and it also maintains a significant branch office in Washington, D.C..!&&p=8c584bfa8ae67cd6JmltdHM9MTY2MDI0OTU3OSZpZ3VpZD1hYWFiMmUxZS0zMzFhLTQ0YzMtODA1Ny04MTM5NjYwNzY3MzgmaW5zaWQ9NTI0Ng&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=db43ccd5-19b3-11ed-b2a4-1a3718ced366&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly9lbi53aWtpcGVkaWEub3JnL3dpa2kvQW1lcmljYW5fQmFyX0Fzc29jaWF0aW9u&ntb=1.

American River - Wikipedia.

The American River (Spanish: Rio de los Americanos) is a 30-mile (50 km)-long river in California that runs from the Sierra Nevada mountain range to its confluence with the Sacramento River in downtown Sacramento.Via the Sacramento River, it is part of the San Francisco Bay watershed. This river is fed by the melting snowpack of the Sierra Nevada and its many ....!&&p=93287aedd9a5ed8aJmltdHM9MTY2MDI0OTU3OSZpZ3VpZD1hYWFiMmUxZS0zMzFhLTQ0YzMtODA1Ny04MTM5NjYwNzY3MzgmaW5zaWQ9NTI2NQ&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=db43dc93-19b3-11ed-b3fc-02333b11e2e1&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly9lbi53aWtpcGVkaWEub3JnL3dpa2kvQW1lcmljYW5fUml2ZXI&ntb=1.

Race and ethnicity in the United States - Wikipedia.

The United States of America has a racially and ethnically diverse population. At the federal level, race and ethnicity have been categorized separately. The most recent United States Census officially recognized five racial categories (White, Black or African American, Asian, Native American/Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander) as well as people of two or ....!&&p=aedf4518680bf894JmltdHM9MTY2MDI0OTU3OSZpZ3VpZD1hYWFiMmUxZS0zMzFhLTQ0YzMtODA1Ny04MTM5NjYwNzY3MzgmaW5zaWQ9NTI4Mw&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=db43ef2b-19b3-11ed-b77b-e1ee9fb1e9b9&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly9lbi53aWtpcGVkaWEub3JnL3dpa2kvUmFjZV9hbmRfZXRobmljaXR5X2luX3RoZV9Vbml0ZWRfU3RhdGVz&ntb=1.

Comparison of American and British English - Wikipedia.

The English language was introduced to the Americas by British colonisation, beginning in the late 16th and early 17th centuries.The language also spread to numerous other parts of the world as a result of British trade and colonisation and the spread of the former British Empire, which, by 1921, included 470-570 million people, about a quarter of the world's population..!&&p=b54fcf0d8c3998b4JmltdHM9MTY2MDI0OTU3OSZpZ3VpZD1hYWFiMmUxZS0zMzFhLTQ0YzMtODA1Ny04MTM5NjYwNzY3MzgmaW5zaWQ9NTMwMQ&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=db43fdee-19b3-11ed-830a-26e74005629a&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly9lbi53aWtpcGVkaWEub3JnL3dpa2kvQ29tcGFyaXNvbl9vZl9BbWVyaWNhbl9hbmRfQnJpdGlzaF9FbmdsaXNo&ntb=1.

Paris - Wikipedia.

Paris (French pronunciation: ()) is the capital and most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,165,423 residents in 2019 in an area of more than 105 km2 (41 sq mi), making it the 34th most densely populated city in the world in 2020. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of the world's major centres of finance, diplomacy, commerce, fashion, gastronomy, ....!&&p=e57dbebb9e97fb43JmltdHM9MTY2MDI0OTU3OSZpZ3VpZD1hYWFiMmUxZS0zMzFhLTQ0YzMtODA1Ny04MTM5NjYwNzY3MzgmaW5zaWQ9NTMxOQ&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=db440c25-19b3-11ed-8b04-17c29bf2e748&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly9lbi53aWtpcGVkaWEub3JnL3dpa2kvUGFyaXM&ntb=1.

North American T-6 Texan - Wikipedia.

The North American Aviation T-6 Texan is an American single-engined advanced trainer aircraft used to train pilots of the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF), United States Navy, Royal Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force and other air forces of the British Commonwealth during World War II and into the 1970s. Designed by North American Aviation, the T-6 is known by a variety ....!&&p=fe656e5137125653JmltdHM9MTY2MDI0OTU3OSZpZ3VpZD1hYWFiMmUxZS0zMzFhLTQ0YzMtODA1Ny04MTM5NjYwNzY3MzgmaW5zaWQ9NTMzOQ&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=db441a87-19b3-11ed-8e22-d391e8e2b436&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly9lbi53aWtpcGVkaWEub3JnL3dpa2kvTm9ydGhfQW1lcmljYW5fVC02X1RleGFu&ntb=1.

Second Great Migration (African American) - Wikipedia.

In the context of the 20th-century history of the United States, the Second Great Migration was the migration of more than 5 million African Americans from the South to the Northeast, Midwest and West.It began in 1940, through World War II, and lasted until 1970. It was much larger and of a different character than the first Great Migration (1916-1940), where the migrants were mainly ....!&&p=080f19b681a55203JmltdHM9MTY2MDI0OTU3OSZpZ3VpZD1hYWFiMmUxZS0zMzFhLTQ0YzMtODA1Ny04MTM5NjYwNzY3MzgmaW5zaWQ9NTM1OA&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=db442917-19b3-11ed-b256-eac78d7a1b16&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly9lbi53aWtpcGVkaWEub3JnL3dpa2kvU2Vjb25kX0dyZWF0X01pZ3JhdGlvbl8oQWZyaWNhbl9BbWVyaWNhbik&ntb=1.

Oscar Micheaux - Wikipedia.

Oscar Devereaux Micheaux (US: / m I ' ? o? / (); January 2, 1884 - March 25, 1951) was an author, film director and independent producer of more than 44 films.Although the short-lived Lincoln Motion Picture Company was the first movie company owned and controlled by black filmmakers, Micheaux is regarded as the first major African-American feature filmmaker, a ....!&&p=c82aba7c58bb3737JmltdHM9MTY2MDI0OTU3OSZpZ3VpZD1hYWFiMmUxZS0zMzFhLTQ0YzMtODA1Ny04MTM5NjYwNzY3MzgmaW5zaWQ9NTM3Nw&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=db4437df-19b3-11ed-aa76-da0a60176232&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly9lbi53aWtpcGVkaWEub3JnL3dpa2kvT3NjYXJfTWljaGVhdXg&ntb=1.

British American Tobacco - Wikipedia.

British American Tobacco plc (BAT) is a British multinational company that manufactures and sells cigarettes, tobacco and other nicotine products. The company, established in 1902, is headquartered in London, England. As of 2019, it is the largest tobacco company in the world based on net sales..!&&p=fd617c0501fcec35JmltdHM9MTY2MDI0OTU3OSZpZ3VpZD1hYWFiMmUxZS0zMzFhLTQ0YzMtODA1Ny04MTM5NjYwNzY3MzgmaW5zaWQ9NTM5Ng&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=db444996-19b3-11ed-8b19-e3efd85b57d2&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly9lbi53aWtpcGVkaWEub3JnL3dpa2kvQnJpdGlzaF9BbWVyaWNhbl9Ub2JhY2Nv&ntb=1.

Presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower - Wikipedia.

Dwight D. Eisenhower's tenure as the 34th president of the United States began with his first inauguration on January 20, 1953, and ended on January 20, 1961. Eisenhower, a Republican from Kansas, took office following a landslide victory over Democrat Adlai Stevenson in the 1952 presidential election. John F. Kennedy succeeded him after winning the 1960 presidential ....!&&p=9f2379b72b89fd2cJmltdHM9MTY2MDI0OTU3OSZpZ3VpZD1hYWFiMmUxZS0zMzFhLTQ0YzMtODA1Ny04MTM5NjYwNzY3MzgmaW5zaWQ9NTQxNQ&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=db445b45-19b3-11ed-9f93-5b9e6a161481&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly9lbi53aWtpcGVkaWEub3JnL3dpa2kvUHJlc2lkZW5jeV9vZl9Ed2lnaHRfRC5fRWlzZW5ob3dlcg&ntb=1.

Black American Sign Language - Wikipedia.

Black American Sign Language (BASL) or Black Sign Variation (BSV) is a dialect of American Sign Language (ASL) used most commonly by deaf African Americans in the United States. The divergence from ASL was influenced largely by the segregation of schools in the American South.Like other schools at the time, schools for the deaf were segregated based upon race, ....!&&p=19d21855c3a1f78cJmltdHM9MTY2MDI0OTU3OSZpZ3VpZD1hYWFiMmUxZS0zMzFhLTQ0YzMtODA1Ny04MTM5NjYwNzY3MzgmaW5zaWQ9NTQzNA&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=db446c09-19b3-11ed-882d-05081f7d94a9&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly9lbi53aWtpcGVkaWEub3JnL3dpa2kvQmxhY2tfQW1lcmljYW5fU2lnbl9MYW5ndWFnZQ&ntb=1.

African French - Wikipedia.

African French (French: francais africain) is the generic name of the varieties of the French language spoken by an estimated 141 million people in Africa in 2018, spread across 34 countries and territories. This includes those who speak French as a first or second language in these 34 African countries and territories (dark and light blue on the map), but it does not include ....!&&p=d888e9489819d1daJmltdHM9MTY2MDI0OTU3OSZpZ3VpZD1hYWFiMmUxZS0zMzFhLTQ0YzMtODA1Ny04MTM5NjYwNzY3MzgmaW5zaWQ9NTQ1Mw&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=db447cdf-19b3-11ed-9330-b27080b51d2a&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly9lbi53aWtpcGVkaWEub3JnL3dpa2kvQWZyaWNhbl9GcmVuY2g&ntb=1.

Misty Copeland - Wikipedia.

Misty Danielle Copeland (born September 10, 1982) is an American ballet dancer for American Ballet Theatre (ABT), one of the three leading classical ballet companies in the United States. On June 30, 2015, Copeland became the first African American woman to be promoted to principal dancer in ABT's 75-year history.. Copeland was considered a prodigy who rose to stardom ....!&&p=41ecd1e2600a6a83JmltdHM9MTY2MDI0OTU3OSZpZ3VpZD1hYWFiMmUxZS0zMzFhLTQ0YzMtODA1Ny04MTM5NjYwNzY3MzgmaW5zaWQ9NTQ3MQ&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=db448cb7-19b3-11ed-9894-860e3cad52cd&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly9lbi53aWtpcGVkaWEub3JnL3dpa2kvTWlzdHlfQ29wZWxhbmQ&ntb=1.

Indian Americans - Wikipedia.

Indian Americans or Indo-Americans are citizens of the United States with ancestry from India.The United States Census Bureau uses the term Asian Indian to avoid confusion with Native Americans, who have also historically been referred to as "Indians" and are known as "American Indians".With a population of more than four and a half million, Indian Americans make up ....!&&p=78ce1c939ff8b04eJmltdHM9MTY2MDI0OTU3OSZpZ3VpZD1hYWFiMmUxZS0zMzFhLTQ0YzMtODA1Ny04MTM5NjYwNzY3MzgmaW5zaWQ9NTQ4OQ&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=db449cab-19b3-11ed-990f-278406a2c5f3&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly9lbi53aWtpcGVkaWEub3JnL3dpa2kvSW5kaWFuX0FtZXJpY2Fucw&ntb=1.

Free Negro - Wikipedia.

In the British colonies in North America and in the United States before the abolition of slavery in 1865, free Negro or free Black described the legal status of African Americans who were not enslaved.The term was applied both to formerly enslaved people and to those who had been born free (free people of color).In South Africa, during the period 1652-1840, a free black was a ....!&&p=dd1f3c1402c816c6JmltdHM9MTY2MDI0OTU3OSZpZ3VpZD1hYWFiMmUxZS0zMzFhLTQ0YzMtODA1Ny04MTM5NjYwNzY3MzgmaW5zaWQ9NTUwOQ&ptn=3&hsh=3&fclid=db44aad7-19b3-11ed-9d86-d06eafd6d14f&u=a1aHR0cHM6Ly9lbi53aWtpcGVkaWEub3JnL3dpa2kvRnJlZV9OZWdybw&ntb=1.